Chickpeas are legumes of the family, Fabaceae and they are one of the oldest legumes to be cultivated by humans. They are large roundish legumes with a bumpy surface. There are two commercial classes of chickpea: Desi and Kabuli. The desi type has a thick, coloured seed coat and a coloured flower. The kabuli type (also known as garbanzo bean) has a thin, white seed coat and a white flower.
The Kabuli variety is relatively bigger in size then other varieties. It is grown in temperate and sub-tropical regions. Kabuli Chickpeas are mainly used in salad bars, soups, snack food, vegetable mixes or ground into hummus. It is widely used in Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cuisines.